Java offers travelers genuine touches of Indonesia. With the nation's capital in Jakarta and Indonesia's major industrial and business centers located here, Java is a melting pot for workers of all ethnic background from throughout the archipelago.
In the middle of the island are Yogyakarta and Solo. The artistic and the cultural heart of Java, it is also the home of the Javanese people, Borobudur and many other archaeological sites are strewn throughout the area. and royal palaces play important roles in Javanese lives.
In East Java are Mt. Bromo; the island's last remaining group of Javanese Hindus; Ijen nature reserves; Baluran known for its' widlife; Sukamade Turtle Beach and Surabaya, which teemed with industry and trade.
On the southern shore is the stormy Indian ocean, shrouded in mystic and legend. in between it's major cities are villages, rice fields and plantations, linked by a chain of volcanoes that earn Java a prominent place in the famous "Ring of Fire".
Steeped in culture, but with undeniable role in the global 21st century, Java's people have uniquely interwoven ancient customs into modern life. With hospitality being one of their hallmarks, visitors to Java are welcomed with warm smiles and good humor that come from the heart.
FAQs About Java
History: A century ago, the fossilized remains of “java man” (Homo Erectus) were found near Solo. Thus it is known that the civilization on Java began somewhere between 500.000 and one million years ago. Inscriptions found near Bogor dating back 5th century A.D. indicated what is believed to be the beginning of Javas’ modern history. Greta Hindu and Buddhist empires, which came traders from India, existed together peacefully for several centuries. Empires in Central Java dating back to the 7th century and monuments such as the grand Borobudur give visitors and glimpse to how life must have been on Java long ago. After about 919 A.D. there are no more inscription and monument found in Central Java for several centuries, but during that gap, more temples were built in East Java. The 15th century shows great changes occur on Java as Islam, also brought by traders, began tactfully take hold. In 1603 the Dutch established their first trading post in Banten, on the northwest coast of Java, and stayed to rule the country for nearly 350 years. The second world war brought the Japanese, followed by an attempt by the Dutch regain control. An up raising against the Dutch instigated by students in Surabaya lead to a proclamation of independence in 1945, with the first Indonesia president Sukarno as the helm. Sukarno was followed by Soeharto, who was president of the independent republic for 32 years before stepping down. Indonesia is one of the founding countries of ASEAN and is continuing its journey into its first democratized system.
Map of Java Island, Indonesia
Java island is the political, commercial and population center of Indonesia. It supports nearly 130 millions people on a land mass about the size of England or New York.
The national language, Bahasa Indonesia is spoken everywhere, despite the fact that there are 600 languages and dialects spoken in homes throughout the archipelago, particularly on Java, where international business and tourism abound, it is easy to find guides who speak not only English, but also practically every European language and most Asian ones.
Java has two monsoon season which determine its’ weather. The northwest monsoon is the rainy season, lasting roughly from November until April. The south east monsoon or dry season, is May until October. Humidity is high all years, from 70 – 100 percent. Temperatures at sea level range between 26 – 32 degree celcius. In the mountains it can be quite bit cooler.
In the larger cities of Java, credit card and traveler check are widely accepted, and ATM are readily available. However, in rural areas cash is preferred. The currency is Indonesian Rupiah (IDR), written as Rp.
International direct dialing, facsimile and internet access are available in larger towns and cities.
By Air: Visitors can enter java fro many other country in the world via Jakarta’s sprawling Soekarno-Hatta International airport. Bandung’s Husein Sastranegara airport, Solo’s Adi Sumarmo International Airport, Yogyakarta’s Adi Sutjipto International Airport, Semarang Achmad Yani airport and Surabaya’s Juanda Airport that accommodate flights from most major Asian countries. Flight between major cities are frequent and reliable. Flying across the island is short. For example from Jakarta (CGK) to Surabaya (SUB), it’s only 1 hour 15 minutes.
By Taxi or Car: The prominent taxi companies in larger cities have meters and are safe. Tour or Travel agents and hotels in most towns and cities can arrange cars and drivers for personalized tours.
By Train: Railroad tracks stretch along the length of the island from Jakarta to Surabaya using two routes: one passing through Cirebon on the north coast, and the other through Bandung, Yogyakarta and Solo, on the southern route. Some trains have executive classes with air conditioning and reclining seats.
By Bus: Air conditioned executive buses frequently ply every highway on Java.
Hotel & Accommodation: Hotel range from simple home stays or guest houses to ultra-luxurious depending on destination.
Peak Seasons: Java’s busiest times for international tourism are June through August and the Christmas and New Year holidays. Local school and public holidays are also busy times, particularly during Idul fitri, the end of the Moslem fasting month. Reservations for hotels and transportation are recommended during these periods.
Dining: Food is plentiful on Java, thanks to its rich volcanic soil, Fine dining restaurants serve international and Indonesian cuisine. The adventurous might enjoy eating in local establishments such as Warung, Kakilima food stalls, etc.
Electricity: Usually 220 Volts, 50 cycle, but always check first. The plugs is two-pronged, round.
Customs: narcotics are strictly prohibited, and stiff penalties are strictly enforced. Upon entry, two liters of alcoholic beverages, 200 cigarettes, 50 cigars or 100 grams of tobacco are allowed.
Shopping: Modern shopping malls are found in Java’s larger cities, where independent boutiques and shops also abound. More fun, however, is shopping in the villages where the multitudes of local products are made.
"JAVA LOTUS TRAVEL is Yogyakarta based Tour Service and Tour Operator organizes and offers wide range of tours and holiday packages in Yogyakarta and many popular destinations in Java island, Indonesia. From simple tour arrangements to some popular attractions such as Borobudur, Prambanan, Dieng Platea or watching Ramayana dances under the moonshine, to the more active energetic, fun-filled and adventurous trips like trekking, hiking, mount climbing, caving, rafting. We also offer Customized Tour service where you could inquire certain tour program or package adapted to your trip planning as well as specify the services required / desired according to your request"